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Page 12 of 35

Read online @ B A K K E N O I L B I Z . C O M / d i g i t a l - j o u r n a l 13 ➤ continued, pg 15 Contact: Steven M. Sottung, LEED ® AP Vice President, Director of Business Development STV Energy Services, Inc. (610) 385-8262 / STV Energy Services, Inc. provides engineering, design, procurement, project management and construction management services to the natural gas, liquid petroleum, and pipeline transportation markets for projects from concept to completion. Strategically located in Denver and Bismarck, we deliver innovative solutions to meet our clients' needs. • Oil, gas and water processing and treatment facilities • Pipelines and gathering systems • Construction management • Commissioning/start-up • Storage and loading facilities • Control system programming & integration • Permitting – construction, air, natural resources • UL 508A-listed electrical and control panel fabrication shop • Metering/measurement services Efficiency Through Engineering & Design Keystone XL Across the border; Canadian midstream company TransCan- ada has been given the go ahead to resubmit an application for the long awaited Keystone XL pipeline. Keystone XL is a proposed 36-inch-diameter crude oil pipeline which starts in Hardisty, Alberta, and stretches south to Steele City, Ne- braska. It would deliver up to 870,000 barrels of crude oil per day to gulf refineries, and contribute $3.4 billion to the national GDP. Keystone XL has served as a poster child for needlessly de- layed projects under the Obama Administration. TransCan- ada filed the permit six years ago. After a half-decade-long process, the Keystone XL decision was pushed off indefi- nitely, in spite of extensive study by Obama's State Depart- ment. The reason: politics. In 2014, the State Department released a report which should have cleared the path to approval of the pipeline. It concluded that the Keystone XL would not substantially im- pact greenhouse gases. Oil transport by pipeline is, in fact, the least impactful on emissions. Consider the emissions produced by diesel powered rail or truck transportation. Had TransCanada been approved for construction three years ago, the pipeline would likely have sailed smoothly through Montana, where the pipeline has already been ap- proved. The Land Board voted unanimously in 2012 to grant rights-of-way to TransCanada. Two years ago, the Sioux and Assiniboine tribes of the Fort Peck Reservation passed a resolution opposing the Keystone XL pipeline. Unquestionably, the Dakota Access protest near the Standing Rock reservation in South Dakota has placed pipeline projects in the crosshairs for opponents. Following the announcement of Trump's executive orders, protesters warned they'd be out in full force to stop the projects from being built. No doubt the passivism of the Obama administration has empowered activists and opponents of the oil and gas industry. Like Dakota Access, the Keystone XL would cross north of a reservation boundary. The 2015 Fort Peck Tribe resolution was the result of concerns that a pipeline failure upstream from Fort Peck Dam could contaminate the entire Missouri River water supply. In North Dakota, similarly, concerns have been over the impact to water in Lake Oahe and the Missouri River, which provide drinking water to the Standing Rock reservation through an intake located downstream. The intake for the Montana Assiniboine/Sioux Water Project is on the Fort Peck reservation off the Missouri River, which borders the reservation on the south side. At the Missouri River, the Keystone XL would be buried 40 -60 feet below the riverbed. Additionally, a TransCanada spokesman said the company has agreed to 59 special conditions for the project, including the use of flexible, high-strength carbon steel near waterways that can withstand the impact of a 65-ton ex- cavator. The steel TransCanada will use is designed with special features to reduce corrosion. Both the Keystone XL and Dakota Access Pipelines will be utilizing the latest

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