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Page 16 of 35

Read online @ B A K K E N O I L B I Z . C O M / d i g i t a l - j o u r n a l 17 ‚ě§ continued, pg 18 THE PIPELINES OF NORTH DAKOTA Showing Industry support in the Bakken! Amy Groseclose sports a cap sent to her by BAKKEN OIL BUSINESS JOURNAL Publisher, Mary Edwards. "Keep Calm and FRACK ON" For the last year or so controversies over pipelines have raged. The loudest of the controversies are those involving the Keystone XL Pipeline and the Dakota Access Pipeline. Suddenly, concerns about this medium for transporting oil and gas are disturbing millions of Americans who are only now learning about these fascinating struc- tures that link our oil-fields and gas-fields to consumers. For reasons that remain unclear, millions of Americans feel that pipe- lines expose the air, water and people of the nation to grave danger that, in their minds, is certain to destroy the environment in the near future. On the other hand, for most people in North Dakota, pipelines are old hat. Leaders in the energy industry know that when it comes to moving crude oil, refined oil products and natural gas over distances both long and short, pipelines are the safest way. It's also known that nothing is perfect. BUT, when weighed against the alternatives, par- ticularly when it comes to moving oil by rail, the record shows the superiority of pipelines. Keeping an eye on the movements of energy resources in the state is the North Dakota Pipeline Authority (NDPA), which provides a lot of information to the public. The NDPA was established by the Legisla- ture in 2007. It is part of the North Dakota Industrial Commission. The Authority was created to diversify and expand the North Dakota economy through the development of pipeline facilities that benefit the production, transportation, and use of North Dakota energy re- sources. PIPELINE VS RAIL Among its many roles, the NDPA keeps track of the ways oil and gas are shipped in and out of the state. The data make one thing clear. Over the last several years, a lot has changed. The NDPA noted that by the end of 2016 about 55% of North Dakota's crude oil was transported through pipelines. That's up a little from 2015, when pipelines moved 52% of crude. A change, but not a dramatic one. Rail transportation has been the wild card. In 2016, rail cars car- ried about 29% of the state's crude. But the year-earlier figure was 41%. Hence, a sharp drop, due, in part, to growing concerns about the safety of railcars. Meanwhile, refined petroleum pipelines trans- ported about 8% of North Dakota's oil to consumers. That's up from 6% in 2015. The last 8% was carried by trucks heading north to Canadian pipelines. By: CHRIS BISCHOF

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